Apolimer Projects

© Anatole Danto

The specificity and strength of the projects developed within the Apolimer dynamic consist in deploying in fields worked over the long term, a highly interdisciplinary approach, built at the interface between human and social sciences, natural sciences and engineer sciences. Each project aims to identify the blockages and levers in the transformation towards sustainability, in a theoretical and practical way. Beyond the mere production of knowledge in science, our projects provide means of action from the mobilization of complex, integrated and multi-scale approaches. To do this, we associate and combine several disciplines and expertise by working on objects, fields and common questions. 

Seas and Ocean governance

Collective publication : Sea and Politics

Natural marine resources management

Is our way of using resources sustainable? what does sustainable mean, and for whom? Who decides and according to what criteria? How to draw sustainable scenarios on a local scale as well as on a global scale? What about rewards for the benefits of using marine resources for local communities? How to better articulate industry / science and decision? Several Apolimer projects address these major questions!

Semer - Ensemencer la mer ?

Labex MER (axe 8 Socioécosystèmes)

The aim of the Semer project was to study the evolution and adaptation of aquaculture and fishing practices regarding the repopulation of shellfish populations exploited in the bay of Brest. It was carried out by researchers from natural and social sciences from the LEMAR (Brest) and supported by the LabexMER (5000€).

Tricode

Labex MER (axe 8 Socioécosystèmes)

The Tricode project focus was to decipher the making of indicators of sustainable management of coastal socio-ecosystems (SES) for public action and decision making. To do so an interdisciplinary approach was developed at the crossroads of social sciences of politics and marine environmental sciences in order to study and disentangle the network dynamics at stake. The project consisted of a case study of the BrIWA (Brest Iroise worshop area), and was coordinated by the LEMAR, Brest.  

Marine and coastal SES are complex systems emblematic of global change where there is ample evidence of environmental degradation and its persistence, and this despite multiple political attempts to solve the problems. Also, SPA project’s goal is to study marine and coastal areas management as demonstrator of the persistence of these (un)sustainable trajectories and the challenges to overcome them. The focus of SPA will concern environmental impact assessment (EIA) policy whose particular importance for sustainable development planning make them worthy of interdisciplinary investigations. To do this, SPA combines analysis of different modes of EI management in several strategic areas of the CNRS where new modes of science / society / policy relations are put to the test in the field.

Polycone

Belmont Forum (PI T. Bambridge. Co-PI C. Mazé & PI A. Mawyer)

The Polycone project is the first attempt to develop a model of sustainable use of cone snails. It will specifically focus on species present in French Polynesia where 114 cone snails occur, including 20 endemic species (1/8 of the world diversity). The work will entail three axes : 1) improvement of our knowledge of cone snails (taxonomy, population sizes, abundance, reproduction, life cycle, habitat, and diet) to constitute a reference collection; 2) establishment of a cone snail venom bank that will enable future sustainable use of conotoxins through non-destructive processes and socio-ecological regulation of cone species by stakeholders. This regulation may lead to the establishment of protected areas with harvest quotas according to predefined socio-ecological criteria or to aquaculture; 3) development and implementation of a regulatory mechanism that takes into account local, domestic, scientific and industrial knowledge and provides for the sharing of benefits resulting from access to these genetic and biological resources.

Adaptation of coastal populations to global change

Adaptation Research, a TransdISciplinary, Trans-natIonal Community and policy Centred approach

The ARTISTICC project has been funded by the Belmont Forum for the period 2014-2017. It has brought together interdisciplinary teams from seven countries and study sites in temperate (France, Canada), polar/sub polar (Alaska, Siberia, Greenland) and tropical (India, Sénegal) regions to study the adaptation of coastal populations to climate change.

The APOLIMER team coordinated the WP on natural sciences, conducting two different approaches, the first one in the field of climate (Lheveder et al., 2018) and biogeochemistry (Raimonet and Cloern, 2018) and the second one, very interdisciplinary, at the interface between natural sciences and human and social sciences.

 

Transition policies and climate change

Ecological transition of coastal territories

(PI A. Mazeaud, AMI Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine)

APCLIMTER 

(PI D. Compagnon, Science Po Bordeaux , AMI Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine)

To steer societies development towards sustainability has been a sustained concern for public actors, from the earlier implementation of sustainable development public policies to the more recent emergence of « ecological transition » policies in France.  The goal of the Ecological transition of coastal territories and the APCLIMTER projects is therefore to investigate how the emergent problematics of global change are dealt with by public actors in the frame of « transition policies ».  To do so a team of researchers specialized in public policy analysis and in the sociology of science will be mobilized. The projects will focus on the development and implementation of these policies at the territorial scale, then the « Nouvelle Aquitaine » region has  been chosen as study site. Indeed this region of which a large fraction of the territory is coastal is particularly vulnerable to the sea related impacts of climate change. 

Ecological and social impact of renewable offshore energy windfarms

Retropoli

CNRS MITI (PI N. Niquil & C. Mazé)

Appeal (Socio-ecosystem approach to the impact of floating wind farms)

ANR FEM-UBO (PI. F. Le Loch LEMAR + Co-PI WP4 Task 4.3 & 4.4 N. Niquil BOREA & C. Mazé LEMAR > LIENSs)

The integration of these particular infrastructures (i.e. floating offshore wind farms or PEOF) in the complex and coveted environments of coastal marine ecosystems, is a challenge from a technical, legal, societal and environmental point of view.

The main objective of the APPEAL project is to build a new approach combining natural sciences and human and social sciences, in order to measure the effects of PEOF on the functioning of coastal socio-ecosystems and to propose decision-making support tools. The APPEAL project will contribute more broadly to the identification and measurement of the ecological and socio-economic challenges posed by MRE projects.