The social fabric of the politics of "Nature"
The burning case of the Ocean governance in the climate of the 21st century
For an integrative research, serving the ecosystems and peoples of the Blue Planet
One ocean from the ISS. ESA / NASA – T. Pesquet, Wold Ocean Day 2021
Is "Nature" governable?
How to overcome "the great divide" between Nature and Culture, Human and non-humans? How to govern and manage sustainably with change and complexity ? Sustainable, what does it mean and for whom?
For a thought of complex systems and continuums and their implementation in public policy instruments
Recognize the dimension of social construction of the « great divide » in order to be able to go beyond it and resolve the major problems which result from it.
My research are dedicated to navigating across (marine and coastal) social-ecological systems as a worldview with strong consideration of political, ethical and anthropological issues linked to the forms of government of natural environments by human societies.
I promote and implement an integrated and critical approach of the concepts of social-ecological systems' governance by combining social sciences, natural sciences and engineering sciences to analyze the trajectories of environments and the Humans who depend on them.
Why the recourse to social sciences and the urgent need for research combined with other disciplinary fields? Because the study of the forms of regulation of "nature" by human societies is a fundamental object of research and action with a view to the transformation towards sustainability in the current context (the so-called Anthropocene), but this requires understanding the complexity of which governance itself is one of the parts (Mazé, 2020)
To have a solid disciplinary anchoring but develop in oneself and with others inter- and transdisciplinarity approaches allowing to apprehend the complexity
I want to contribute to a better consideration of social and ecological interdependencies in collective action and public policies, to a better integration of continuums (land-sea-air) and the transformation of political regulatory instruments.
In this sense, I promote a vision of how to make integrated science on Planet Earth with a focus on seas and oceans governance in their links with climate, biodiversity and society. It is this vision that I named APOLIMER - Political anthropology and Ecology of the sea in French and which gave rise to an interdisciplinary and international network dynamic which took its name.
An integrated observation system for (un)sustainability should be based on a network of researchers in natural and social sciences but also in mathematical and computer sciences to improve modeling tools by better including the social dimension, but it must also and above all include a philosophical, ethical and legal dimension on our relations with our environments and with our human and non-human congeners. Studying the governance of coastal and marine territories and resources. For that, I study in a theoretical and empirical perspective, in a long and careful way on my fields of research and action, the political dimension, the modes of governance, the choices and their effects in terms of environmental management.
I dissect concepts and social practices (as Power or Ecological Solidarity), paradigms (as Social-ecological system or Governance), I follow their scientific, political and industrial uses and I measure their social and ecological impacts. I reflect on our paradoxes, on how to speak and do science on sustainability by producing an ethical science and itself sustainable. How to adapt our ways of thinking? How to de-Europeanize our cosmogonies? How to make ground today, on the other side of the world, in the calendars which are ours, without flying by plane? How do you stop moving, dreaming, traveling when you are an anthropologist, critical thinker and naturalist?
This website presents the approach that I lead, over the long term and on my land. I developed it because many of you ask me to explain my approach, complex, in the sciences of ecological systems (including man in the system) and called socio-ecological systems in the literature in environmental sciences and management of Anglo-Saxon and today Francophone natural resources. I am not promoting this paradigm which has only as vocation to drive the point home to say the links, interactions, interdependencies between man and his environments, human and non-human. I place it in a history of science and a political, anthropological, cosmogonic history as a way of trying to reconnect Man and nature, this great socially constructed sharing that I analyze in actions, in its contemporaneity in order to better overcome it, by giving back all its FUNDAMENTAL meaning to POLITICS. My research work consists of working on these categories of thought and measuring their capacity to become categories of public, transformative intervention, in the sense of sustainability, identifying the levers and blockages, both social and biophysical.
I connected a network of senior researchers, students and managers around this approach which gave rise to the creation of the APOLIMER group which has been funded by the UBO, the INEE French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and La Rochelle University’s Research Federation for Environmental Issues and Sustainable Development (FREDD). It is hosted by the Littoral Environment and Societies laboratory (LIENSs) at La Rochelle University and led by coordinators in the field of sustainability science based in La Rochelle at LIENSs (CNRS - La Rochelle University) and in Brest at LEMAR and AMURE (CNRS - University of Western Britany).